The Best French Flowers to Grow in Your Garden

Given France’s reputation as the world’s most romantic, delicate, and exquisite country, it seems to reason that its flowers would be among the most sought-after in the floral industry. We have compiled a list of French flowers in this updated article.

Lily of the Valley

When it comes to floral emblems, the lily of the valley has long been recognized as the symbol of France, in part because it alludes to the Ancien Regime’s centuries-long rule over the transalpine.

There are around eighty species of lily in the valley, not including artificial hybrids, and they are a very popular French flower. As a bulbous perennial, the lily’s roots do not regrow every year like those of annual flowers.

The lanceolate leaves of this flower are arranged in a random pattern near the stem’s base, and their parallel veins are another distinguishing feature. These French flowers are often grown for their decorative value; the plant itself yields a wonderfully gorgeous blossom that works well for decorating patios, balconies, and flower beds.

Though you may plant lily flower bulbs in the spring, you’ll have a head start if you do it in the autumn. There should be at least 8 to 10 inches of space between the top of the bulb and the surface of the soil, as stem roots are required to support the weight of the blooms the bulb usually bears.

In addition to their aesthetic appeal, lilies are distinguished by the size of their stems. They are sturdy, with leaves and, of course, the stunning lily flower, and may grow to a height of one meter.

In addition to its size, the lily blossom also offers a wide range of color options. Their aroma is so enticing that it is regularly utilized in the production of fragrances and flower waters.

The fact that the lily usually has no more than six petals adds to its uniqueness. You only need a spot in the sun and some well-cared-for soil to grow a lily in your own house.


France’s logo and insignia feature stylized irises since they are the country’s national flower. Since the 13th century, the iris, or fleur-de-lis, has stood for the French aristocracy. It is a symbol of perfection, illumination, and vitality. Similarly, the three petals signified knowledge, faith, and bravery in the heraldry of the French monarchy.

Iris germanica, sometimes known as the common iris, is a member of the lily family, Iridaceae, and endemic to Europe, particularly France. The rainbow goddess, who is tasked with delivering divine messages to mortals, is personified in this flower’s name.

The Greek “Eiro” means “of wonderful hues,” a description that is fitting for the irises’ stunning beauty. It has a distinctive appearance and a wonderful scent that are sure to win over any audience.

The French iris is mostly a decorative plant, but its roots are also sometimes used to make laxative tea. Yellow, red, white, and marbled versions, among others, are available.

There are several kinds of iris flowers, each with its own unique size and coloration; but, despite their differences, they are all stunning in their own ways.

They are often mistaken for orchids, but a closer inspection reveals important distinctions between the two species. The iris flower, in any of its many stunning hues, is often regarded as one of the world’s most stunning blossoms.

These fragrant, long-lasting blooms include three outer and three inner, equally big petals. The connotations of irises vary greatly from one culture to the next, but in France, they are most commonly associated with ideals of chastity, nobility, charity, perfection, and dignity.

Red Poppy

One of the most well-liked and widely-appreciated French wildflowers is the red poppy, sometimes known as the common poppy. Growing to a maximum height of 80 cm each year, this annual herbaceous plant is indigenous to both Europe and North Africa.

From the lowlands to altitudes of 1800–1900 meters, this plant may be found flourishing in a variety of settings, including grain fields, wastelands, roadside ditches, soil mounds, and rocky outcrops.

Flowering in France, the red poppy stands out for its upright, branching, and prickly stems that are coated with long, dormant hairs and a white, revolving base. The hairs on its leaves are smooth and velvety. Flowers range between 5 and 8 centimeters in diameter, bloom singly at the end of lengthy peduncles coated in patent hairs, and have no discernible scent. The buds hang down before they open.

The fruits are oval capsules that are hairless and topped with a flat stigma. Inside are many tiny seeds that resemble kidneys and are grey and reticulated. Every plant may potentially generate anywhere from 10,000 to 20,000 seeds, with a high percentage of them being able to survive in the ground for up to 40 years.

Black pollen found on the red poppy is highly sought after by honeybees. Because it is closely related to the opium poppy, from which morphine is derived, the red poppy also has minor sedative effects in its petals and seeds.


French rosemary combines the attractiveness of an ornamental plant with the ease of cultivation and wide range of uses as a culinary herb in anything from roasts to sauces and condiments.

It has green leaves and blooms in shades of blue, pink, and white, and it thrives in a wide variety of soil conditions.

Rosemary, a member of the Lamiaceae family native to France, thrives in both container and garden settings. The plant is more likely to die from being overwatered than from being neglected.

This flower from France has medicinal properties. Essential oil, obtained by steam distillation of young leaves and flowers, is a common motivation for cultivation.

It is a medicinal and fragrant plant widely grown in Mediterranean nations, both for personal use and for commercial harvesting from gardens and terraces.

Rosemary prefers sunny locations with healthy, well-drained soil. It can also be found amid boulders and other seemingly inaccessible locations in nature.

Rosemary may grow either erect or prostrate, but it always remains an evergreen shrub. Mature flowers can range in height from 30 to 150 centimeters.

It has thick, sturdy roots and a woody, sturdy stem from which leathery, evergreen leaves with a strong aroma grow. The shrub blooms with tiny flowers in the spring. Botanists are well aware that they can be any shade of blue, pink, or white.

French Peony

The French Peony is a well-recognized symbol of France because of the romantic associations it evokes in Westerners’ minds. Peonies are often used as decorative flowers because of their big, multicolored petals.

The French peony is the most anticipated spring flower due to its exquisite fragrance. Only over the last twenty years has there been a significant renaissance of interest in the peony, especially in France. It has become second only to the rose in popularity as a Mother’s Day flower buy.

One of the most well-known types of these French flowers, Paeonia Officinalis, also possesses significant medicinal benefits. It has been around for a long time and has a history of being used as a treatment for epilepsy.

Peonies thrive in the warm, sunny climate of southern France. Outdoor production is common since the plant thrives in the region’s mild nighttime temperatures and abundant daylight.

Peonies are versatile and may be grown either in a container or in the ground. The plant has to be placed in full sun with no water stagnation. The required water supply will, of course, be evaluated in relation to the ambient temperatures as well.

Peonies should be planted between October and the end of February, with the earlier fall season being preferred.

As a result of its low maintenance requirements, even inexperienced gardeners may reap significant rewards from growing.

The health benefits of the Peony flower are reflected in the meaning of its name. Peonies are a symbol of immortality in several traditional Eastern civilizations, despite the fact that their blossoms only last a few days at most.

French Lilac

The French lilac is the next available flower in our French flowers section. It is a prominent spring flower because it represents the rebirth of the natural world. The lilac, with its fragrant, springlike blossoms, may transport us to other places all by itself.

The common lilac, sometimes known as French lilac, is a shrub in the family Oleaceae that is indigenous to southeastern Europe and western Asia. About 30 unique types exist, spanning the gamut from blue to parma, white and pink.

Between April and June, a fluffy cloud of lilac flowers opens up and releases its sweet scent. The aromas are powerful and enticing, with notes of fresh flowers, fruit, and a subtle muskiness.

The florets of French lilac, each of which is composed of four petals, are grouped together in hanging clusters known as thyrses. It also has beautiful deciduous foliage. There is a second round of blooming in September for some lilac species, especially the small-leaved ones.

Lilacs may grow to be anywhere from 1.50 to 4 meters tall and more than 2 meters wide when fully mature. It may grow up to 45 centimeters a year and can survive for far over 20 years.

Whereas syringa Vulgaris, or common lilac, quickly spreads and becomes invasive, syringa microphylla, or small-leaved lilac, is ideal for the limited space of urban gardens and balconies.

Since lilac is associated with innocence, purity, and the earliest stages of romantic attraction, it serves as the ideal flower for making your feelings known. When white, it’s a sign of naiveté, virginity, and youth. If it’s purple, though, that means love is just beginning, that you’re taking those first hesitant steps down the long, winding road to passion.

Provence French lavender

In the minds of many, the name “Provence” conjures up images of the seemingly endless fields of fragrant lavender that can be found in the region’s southeast corner. There are as many as 37 species of lavender plants, all members of the mint family; seven of them are widespread throughout Europe.

Both true lavender and French lavender are utilized not only as attractive plants, bee pasture, and food ingredients but also as medicinal herbs and cosmetic ingredients. Travelers go to the enormous lavender fields in the Provence region of France to see the region’s namesake flower, lavender.

This is commonly the foundation for low-priced essences and oils, and it evolved as a natural cross between true lavender and broad-leaved lavender. The fragrance, however, is noticeably less strong than that of genuine lavender. As an attractive plant, lavender is common in American gardens.

White-flowered lavender, often known as French lavender, and several varieties of Provence lavender are available for purchase. Symbolic of Nice, for example, the French lavender is also included in numerous French encyclopedias as a symbol of other French cities like Toulouse and Lyon.

The sugar content of lavender blossoms ranges from 21 to 48 percent, making lavender plants a popular choice for beekeepers. Honey with a particular lavender taste is made in France. The fresh, fragile stems and young leaves of lavender are commonly used in French, Italian, and Spanish cuisine to enhance the flavor of fish, meat, and stews.

Candied lavender blooms provide a touch of elegance to pastries, and lavender is used to flavor salt and other spices in high-end restaurants. The well-known “Herbs of Provence” combination often includes lavender blooms.

In addition, these French blooms have a long history of use as a relaxing medicinal herb. The plant has a broad variety of potential uses in this field as well.

As tea, the flowers can help with anxiety, insomnia, and poor circulation, while also being pleasant to sip.

French Marigold

The French marigold is a symbol of the Asteraceae family of plants, which includes many common garden flowers. There are 12 species in this genus, with Calendula officinalis being the most well-known.

The botanical name, Calendae, comes from the Latin word for “first of the month.” The flowers bloom continuously throughout the year, from spring to fall.

The annual herb French Marigold occasionally acts like a biennial. It develops both a deep tap root and a plethora of fine, branching laterals.

This blossom grows upright and branching, much like a shrub. Essential oil-producing glands dot its fine, hairy exterior. The final height of the stem may range from 30 to 40 cm. Lanceolate in shape with a serrated border, the leaves of marigold blooms are alternately arranged along the stem.

The leaves are a bluish-green tint and wider at their bases than they are at their tips. Marigolds are a fairly common flower in France, and their simplicity makes them ideal for beginner gardeners. Use them to separate areas of your yard and create beds for flowers and other decorations.

Although it is not a honey flower, it may serve a useful purpose in the vegetable garden by drawing in pollinating insects. The root structure of the French marigold is beneficial to the soil and can prevent the presence of harmful soil pests like nematodes.

These French flowers are not only useful for their therapeutic qualities but also because they may be eaten.


A member of the family Asteraceae, the gerbera is a perennial in France. You may find these plants in their native habitats in the grasslands of Asia, Indonesia, Madagascar, and Africa’s temperate zones. Though often cultivated indoors, gerberas are not out of place in the sunny massifs of southwestern France.

After unfurling its rosette of lush, deep green leaves, the plant shows tall stalks topped by extraordinary daisy-like flowers around 10 to 15 centimeters in diameter.

Petal color ranges from red and orange to pink and mauve and even the occasional white. The center of the flower is often a different color than the petals surrounding it.

The best time to plant gerberas is in April when the weather is warm, and the soil is moist. The gerbera has a very extended blooming window, sometimes stretching from April to September. The gerbera is also suitable for year-round indoor cultivation.

It’s better to keep the bloom out of direct sunlight between the hours of 12 and 2 in the afternoon, even though it needs a lot of light. It does need some shade during the warmest parts of the day. The gerbera is a low-maintenance flower that can withstand pests and illnesses for the duration of the pleasant growing season.

The leaf miner, aphids, and whiteflies are all pests that might damage this flower if it is kept in a heated greenhouse.

Air must be let to circulate periodically to prevent becoming too dry. On the other side, gray rot around the collar and powdery mildew flourish in hot, humid conditions.


Known by its genus name in the scientific world, Hyacinthus, hyacinths are members of the Asparagaceae family and the Scilloideae subfamily. As part of the previous taxonomy, they were classified as lilies or Liliacee. Its original habitats include the tropical zones of eastern Africa, Asia Minor, and the eastern Mediterranean. The bulbous species of this genus come in a rainbow of hues.

Hyacinths are French stemless bulbous plants that may grow up to 30 cm in height. Their flowers are tubular and terminate in a star form. The green leaves are robust and meaty. These are bulbous perennials that may be reproduced by splitting the bulbs. Blue is the most prevalent color, but red, pink, white, yellow, and orange are all present. The inflorescences consist of roughly fifteen very fragrant blooms each.

Ideal for planting in spring with pansies, tulips, daffodils, and other spring bulbs in flower beds and window boxes.

Flowering hyacinths may be found in both Europe (France) and Asia. After winter has passed, the hyacinth displays its thin, ribbon-like, upright, dark green, fleshy leaves and a fleshy, cylindrical flowering scape covered with numerous star-shaped, highly fragrant flowers.

Wild hyacinths typically have 7-10 blooms on their floral stalk, but sometimes just 3-5. In contrast, hybrid species often have more than 20 flowers per floral scape, forming a panicle.

Hybridization of hyacinths throughout the years has resulted in a bewildering array of hyacinth species and cultivars, with blooms in every imaginable hue, from pure white to green, from yellow to vivid red.

Tulip ‘Ile de France’

Tulips, a national flower of France, are among the most popular flowers in the world due to their universally appealing form and a profusion of vibrant colors. They are among the earliest flowers to blossom each year, sometimes even before the snow melts, serving as harbingers of the coming of spring. It’s a symbol of not just perfect love, renown, and immortality but also cozy satisfaction and closeness.

The tulip ‘Ile de France’ is a perennial, bulbous and herbaceous plant with a brief flowering period, often in spring, and it belongs to the group of French flowers. The tulip has a bulb for its root system, and from this bulb, small, adventitious rootlets emerge, each of which is linked to the bulb’s basal plate.

The base of its 20–60 cm long, single stem is buried in the earth. The tulip’s few green to bluish-green leaves are small and narrow.

They grow from the bottom of the stem and get smaller as they move upward, and they are slightly fleshy, irregular in form, and without a petiole. This type of leaf has a simple, parallelinvia, and whole blade.

The blooms usually sit alone at the very tip of their stems. Their perigonium (which includes the calyx and the corolla) is bell-shaped and often made up of two sets of three tepals in various hues.

Six stamens with elongated anthers make up the androecium, while a superior ovary with a trilobed stigma makes up the gynoecium.


Daffodils are a type of perennial French flower that forms big bulbs and may be found in areas all throughout Europe and North Africa, including fields, forests, and riverbanks. Given that daffodils begin blooming in February, they serve as an early indicator of spring’s coming.

The tunicate bulb produces tufted, basal leaves that are smooth and ribbon-like. They cluster around the flower’s leafless stalk.

The perianth, which contains the flower’s stamens, gives way to the corolla, which has six lobes. The hues of the blooms range from white to yellow, with a red, orange, or pink crown.

From February through May in France, you may see daffodils, a sign of spring, growing wild along the roadsides. Typically, its blossoming phase lasts no more than 15 days.

It may range in height from 8 centimeters to 60 centimeters. The yellow daffodil flower has 6 tepals, or parts, including 3 petals and 3 sepals. With a diameter of 4–6 cm, they are rather sizable.

Daffodils symbolize both true love that lasts and eager desire. On the other hand, you may utilize it to make a covert proclamation of your feelings and receive an instant reply.


Little pansies, originally from France, come in a rainbow of hues and liven up gardens and balconies from fall to summer. The pansy belongs to the genus Viola, and its name comes from the fact that its petals can have up to three distinct hues (white, yellow, and blue), each of which blends with the others to produce an unexpected pattern.

The pansy is a semi-perennial flowering plant with erratic behavior. It blooms in the winter and then withers and bends forward like a person deep in thought or contemplation in the summer, especially in the month of August.

Its height is not very noteworthy, topping out at around 25 cm on straight stems that are obscured by the massive blossoms.

The petals, which may range in size from 5 to 10 centimeters and come in virtually every color you can imagine (including white, pink, blue, violet, yellow, orange, etc.), make up the flowers.

The silky smoothness of the petals is another distinguishing feature of this plant. Pansies may thrive in full sun or dappled light. They thrive in regular soil, especially one that is airy and humus-rich.


Even while France is famous for producing some of the world’s best wines, the country’s southern regions also have breathtaking floral landscapes that are on full display at the several annual flower festivals. For this reason, we have provided you with a compilation of the most well-known and stunningly attractive French flowers around today.

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